Student Attitudes Toward Blended Learning in Adult Literacy and Basic Skills College Programs | Attitudes des étudiants envers l’apprentissage mixte dans les programmes collégiaux de formation de base et alphabétisation pour adultes

Jia Li, Robin Kay, Louise Markovich

Abstract


Literacy and Basic Skills (LBS) programs in many Ontario colleges offer adult learners who have low literacy and basic skills with opportunities to improve their employment skills as well as results on prerequisite courses for entrance into post-secondary education. LBS students encounter many challenges and require extra interpersonal instructional support, which may be overcome through a blended learning approach. Due to limited access to technology in LBS programs, little is known about adult learners’ attitudes toward online learning. This study investigates learners’ attitudes and perceived success in blended learning, and key factors contributing to individual differences. A survey was administered to 149 LBS student participants at three Ontario community colleges, along with interviews conducted with 37 students. The results of correlation and thematic analysis have shown that differences exist in their attitudes between face-to-face and online learning environments, 90% versus 40% positive respectively. Individual differences in their perceptions were found to be associated with their age, time out of formal education, education levels, and computer skills.

Les programmes de formation de base et alphabétisation (« FBA ») de nombreux collèges de l’Ontario offrent aux apprenants adultes dont la formation de base et la littératie sont faibles des occasions d’améliorer leur employabilité ainsi que leurs résultats aux cours prérequis pour l’admission aux études postsecondaires. Les étudiants en FBA font face à de nombreux défis et ont besoin de plus de soutien didactique interpersonnel, ce qui peut être surmonté par une approche d’apprentissage mixte. À cause de l’accès limité à la technologie dans les programmes de FBA, on en sait peu sur les attitudes des apprenants adultes quant à l’apprentissage en ligne. Cette étude se penche sur les attitudes des apprenants et sur la perception de la réussite en apprentissage mixte, ainsi que sur les principaux facteurs qui contribuent aux différences individuelles. Cent quarante-neuf étudiants en FBA de trois collèges communautaires en Ontario ont répondu à un sondage, et des entrevues ont été réalisées avec 37 étudiants. Les résultats de l’analyse de corrélation et de l’analyse thématique ont démontré qu’il existe des différences dans leurs attitudes relatives aux environnements d’apprentissage en personne et en ligne, qui sont positives respectivement à 90 % et 40 %. Nous avons relevé que les différences individuelles de perception étaient associées à l’âge, à la durée passée hors de l’éducation formelle, au niveau d’éducation et aux compétences informatiques.


Keywords


Adult learners’ perception; College literacy programs; Online and blended learning environments; Face-to-face instruction; Individual differences

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21432/cjlt27573

Copyright (c) 2018 Jia Li, Robin Kay, Louise Markovich

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